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Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery in Ontario and New York State: Which Rate Is Right?

Jack V. Tu, MD, PhD; C. David Naylor, MD, DPhil; Dinesh Kumar, MS; Barbara A. DeBuono, MD, MPH; Barbara J. McNeil, MD, PhD; and Edward L. Hannan, PhD
[+] Article and Author Information

The Steering Committee of the Cardiac Care Network of Ontario*. From Institute for Clinical Evaluative Sciences and Sunnybrook Health Science Centre, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; the State University of New York and New York State Department of Health, Albany, New York; and Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts. *For members of the Steering Committee of the Cardiac Care Network of Ontario, see the Appendix. Note: The results and conclusions are those of the authors; no official endorsement by the Ontario Ministry of Health is intended or should be inferred. Acknowledgments: The authors thank John Z. Ayanian, MD, and Joseph P. Newhouse, PhD, for their comments on earlier versions of this manuscript. The authors also thank all of the cardiovascular medical and surgical practitioners, nurses, and registry personnel who make up the Cardiac Care Network of Ontario and the Cardiac Advisory Committee of the State of New York. Grant Support: By grants HS06503, HS08071, and HS08464 from the Agency for Health Care Policy and Research, Rockville, Maryland; a Health Research Personnel Development Program Fellowship (04544) from the Ontario Ministry of Health (Dr. Tu); and a Career Scientist Award (02377) from the Ontario Ministry of Health (Dr. Naylor). Requests for Reprints: Jack V. Tu, MD, PhD, Institute for Clinical Evaluative Sciences, G-106, 2075 Bayview Avenue, North York, Ontario M4N 3M5, Canada. Current Author Addresses: Drs. Tu and Naylor: Institute for Clinical Evaluative Sciences, G-106, 2075 Bayview Avenue, North York, Ontario M4N 3M5, Canada.


Copyright ©2004 by the American College of Physicians


Ann Intern Med. 1997;126(1):13-19. doi:10.7326/0003-4819-126-1-199701010-00002
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Background: Previous studies have shown that the rate of coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery is much higher in New York State than in Ontario.

Objective: To compare the service context and clinical characteristics of patients having CABG surgery in New York and Ontario.

Design: Retrospective analysis of data from cardiac surgery registries in New York and Ontario.

Patients: All 16 690 patients in New York and 5517 patients in Ontario who had isolated CABG surgery in 1993.

Measurements: Clinical characteristics of patients having CABG surgery and rates of CABG surgery by coronary anatomy.

Results: The overall age-adjusted rate of isolated CABG surgery was 1.79 times (95% CI, 1.74 to 1.85) greater in New York than in Ontario. Patients who had CABG surgery in New York were more likely to be elderly and female and to have recently had myocardial infarction (P < 0.001), whereas patients who had CABG surgery in Ontario were more likely to have had left ventricular dysfunction and severe coronary artery disease (two-vessel disease with proximal left anterior descending disease, three-vessel disease, or left main disease) (P < 0.001). The relative rate of CABG surgery for left main disease was 2.53 times (CI, 2.35 to 2.73) greater in New York than in Ontario but was 8.97 times (CI, 8.01 to 10.06) greater for patients with limited coronary artery disease (one-vessel or two-vessel disease without proximal left anterior descending disease).

Conclusions: The higher rates of CABG surgery in New York are associated with higher rates of CABG surgery among the elderly, women, and patients who recently had myocardial infarction. Potential underservicing in Ontario is suggested by a lower rate of CABG surgery for left main disease; however, the higher rate of CABG surgery in New York is also associated with a strikingly higher rate of surgery in patients with limited coronary disease. Such trade-offs highlight the difficulty of defining an optimal rate of CABG surgery.

Figures

Grahic Jump Location
Figure 1.
Relative rate of isolated coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery in 1993 by age and coronary anatomy in New York State (NY) compared with Ontario (ON).

PLAD = proximal left anterior descending artery.

Grahic Jump Location

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