The full content of Annals is available to subscribers

Subscribe/Learn More  >
History of Medicine |

Mr. Gates's Summer Vacation: A Centennial Remembrance

Charles S. Bryan, MD
[+] Article, Author, and Disclosure Information

From the University of South Carolina, Columbia, South Carolina. Presented in part at the 27th annual meeting of the American Osler Society, Williamsburg, Virginia, 3 April 1997. Acknowledgments: The author thanks Thomas E. Rosenbaum of the Rockefeller Archive Center, North Tarrytown, New York, and June Schachter of the Osler Library of the History of Medicine, McGill University, Montreal, for their assistance and thanks their institutions for permission to excerpt from unpublished materials. prompted Gates to secure $150 000 to make insulin available at 15 hospitals within the United States and Canada [5051]. Gates died of acute appendicitis, a condition on which Osler-his era's foremost reconciler of the old art with the emerging new science-had been a pioneering authority [52]. Requests for Reprints: Charles S. Bryan, MD, Department of Medicine, University of South Carolina School of Medicine, 2 Richland Medical Park, Suite 502, Columbia, SC 29203.

Copyright ©2004 by the American College of Physicians

Ann Intern Med. 1997;127(2):148-153. doi:10.7326/0003-4819-127-2-199707150-00010
Text Size: A A A

In 1897, Frederick T.Gates, a Baptist minister and adviser to John D. Rockefeller Sr., read the entire second edition of The Principles and Practice of Medicine by William Osler while on a summer vacation at Lake Liberty, New York. The book reinforced the low opinion Gates had of the efficacy of medicine but convinced him that medical science would be a wise investment for the Rockefeller fortune. The results of this investment included the Rockefeller Institute for Medical Research, the General Education Board, the Rockefeller Foundation, and the International Health Board. Gates sponsored Rockefeller funding of full-time clinical professorships, an idea that Osler opposed but that eventually became the prevailing model for medical departments at universities in the United States.


Grahic Jump Location
Figure 1.
Frederick Taylor Gates (1853 to 1929) as a young man and later in life.
Grahic Jump Location




Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).


Submit a Comment/Letter
Submit a Comment/Letter

Summary for Patients

Clinical Slide Sets

Terms of Use

The In the Clinic® slide sets are owned and copyrighted by the American College of Physicians (ACP). All text, graphics, trademarks, and other intellectual property incorporated into the slide sets remain the sole and exclusive property of the ACP. The slide sets may be used only by the person who downloads or purchases them and only for the purpose of presenting them during not-for-profit educational activities. Users may incorporate the entire slide set or selected individual slides into their own teaching presentations but may not alter the content of the slides in any way or remove the ACP copyright notice. Users may make print copies for use as hand-outs for the audience the user is personally addressing but may not otherwise reproduce or distribute the slides by any means or media, including but not limited to sending them as e-mail attachments, posting them on Internet or Intranet sites, publishing them in meeting proceedings, or making them available for sale or distribution in any unauthorized form, without the express written permission of the ACP. Unauthorized use of the In the Clinic slide sets will constitute copyright infringement.


Buy Now for $32.00

to gain full access to the content and tools.

Want to Subscribe?

Learn more about subscription options

Topic Collections
Forgot your password?
Enter your username and email address. We'll send you a reminder to the email address on record.