The full content of Annals is available to subscribers

Subscribe/Learn More  >
Editorials |

Warning Signs along the Road to Functional Dependency

David B. Reuben, MD
[+] Article, Author, and Disclosure Information

University of California, Los Angeles; Los Angeles, CA 90095-1687 Requests for Reprints: David B. Reuben, MD, Multicampus Program in Geriatric Medicine and Gerontology, University of California, Los Angeles, 10945 Le Conte Avenue, Los Angeles, CA 90095-1687.

Copyright ©2004 by the American College of Physicians

Ann Intern Med. 1998;128(2):138-139. doi:10.7326/0003-4819-128-2-199801150-00010
Text Size: A A A

In the general community-dwelling population of older persons, dependence in basic self-care tasks, the “activities of daily living” (ADL), is uncommon. According to most studies, fewer than 10% of these persons need assistance with such tasks as bathing, dressing, transferring from bed to chair, feeding, grooming, and using a toilet [1]. Nevertheless, older persons with such functional dependency incur high health care costs [2]. Older persons with ADL dependency are also costly to society in other respects; for example, they place a burden on their families, who must use personal resources and often relinquish other responsibilities to care for them.

First Page Preview

View Large
First page PDF preview





Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).


Submit a Comment/Letter
Submit a Comment/Letter

Summary for Patients

Clinical Slide Sets

Terms of Use

The In the Clinic® slide sets are owned and copyrighted by the American College of Physicians (ACP). All text, graphics, trademarks, and other intellectual property incorporated into the slide sets remain the sole and exclusive property of the ACP. The slide sets may be used only by the person who downloads or purchases them and only for the purpose of presenting them during not-for-profit educational activities. Users may incorporate the entire slide set or selected individual slides into their own teaching presentations but may not alter the content of the slides in any way or remove the ACP copyright notice. Users may make print copies for use as hand-outs for the audience the user is personally addressing but may not otherwise reproduce or distribute the slides by any means or media, including but not limited to sending them as e-mail attachments, posting them on Internet or Intranet sites, publishing them in meeting proceedings, or making them available for sale or distribution in any unauthorized form, without the express written permission of the ACP. Unauthorized use of the In the Clinic slide sets will constitute copyright infringement.


Buy Now for $32.00

to gain full access to the content and tools.

Want to Subscribe?

Learn more about subscription options

Related Articles
Related Point of Care
Topic Collections
Forgot your password?
Enter your username and email address. We'll send you a reminder to the email address on record.