0

The full content of Annals is available to subscribers

Subscribe/Learn More  >
Currents |

Controlling Disease Transmission in Injection Drug Users

Brigid Kane
Ann Intern Med. 1999;130(6):541-544. doi:10.7326/0003-4819-130-6-199903160-00101
Text Size: A A A

Blood-borne viruses, such as HIV, hepatitis B virus (HBV), and hepatitis C virus (HCV), are readily transmitted by sharing drug injection equipment. HIV remains viable and infectious for as long as 3 to 5 weeks in used syringes and other injection equipment containing HIV-positive blood (J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr Hum Retrovirol. 1999; 20:73-80). The hepatitis viruses are assumed to be at least as durable as HIV in used injection equipment, although experiments to establish this point have not been done. The potential for becoming infected from a single exposure to an HIV-contaminated needle or syringe is estimated to be 0.67% (J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr Hum Retrovirol. 1992; 5:1116-8), and the risk for infection among health care workers from an HIV-contaminated needlestick, including intramuscular and subcutaneous injections, is 0.3% (Ann Intern Med. 1990; 113:740-6). Parallel data for HBV and HCV, derived from needlestick injury studies in the health care setting conducted by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), estimate the risk to be 30% and 3%, respectively.

Figures

Tables

References

Letters

NOTE:
Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).

Comments

Submit a Comment
Submit a Comment

Summary for Patients

Clinical Slide Sets

Terms of Use

The In the Clinic® slide sets are owned and copyrighted by the American College of Physicians (ACP). All text, graphics, trademarks, and other intellectual property incorporated into the slide sets remain the sole and exclusive property of the ACP. The slide sets may be used only by the person who downloads or purchases them and only for the purpose of presenting them during not-for-profit educational activities. Users may incorporate the entire slide set or selected individual slides into their own teaching presentations but may not alter the content of the slides in any way or remove the ACP copyright notice. Users may make print copies for use as hand-outs for the audience the user is personally addressing but may not otherwise reproduce or distribute the slides by any means or media, including but not limited to sending them as e-mail attachments, posting them on Internet or Intranet sites, publishing them in meeting proceedings, or making them available for sale or distribution in any unauthorized form, without the express written permission of the ACP. Unauthorized use of the In the Clinic slide sets will constitute copyright infringement.

Toolkit

Buy Now

to gain full access to the content and tools.

Want to Subscribe?

Learn more about subscription options

Advertisement
Related Articles
Related Point of Care
Topic Collections
PubMed Articles
Forgot your password?
Enter your username and email address. We'll send you a reminder to the email address on record.
(Required)
(Required)