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Walking to Work and the Risk for Hypertension in Men: The Osaka Health Survey

Tomoshige Hayashi, MD; Kei Tsumura, MD, DrPH; Chika Suematsu, MD; Kunio Okada, MD, DrPH; Satoru Fujii, MD, DrPH; and Ginji Endo, MD, DrPH
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From Osaka City University Medical School; Medical Center for Employees' Health, Osaka Gas Co., Ltd.; and Environment and Public Health Bureau, Osaka City, Osaka, Japan.


Acknowledgment: The authors thank the participants in the Osaka Health Survey for their dedication.

Grant Support: By Osaka Gas Co., Ltd.

Requests for Reprints: Tomoshige Hayashi, MD, Department of Preventive Medicine and Environmental Health, Osaka City University Medical School, 1-4-3, Asahi-machi, Abeno-ku, Osaka 545-8585, Japan.

Current Author Addresses: Drs. Hayashi, Suematsu, and Endo: Department of Preventive Medicine and Environmental Health, Osaka City University Medical School, 1-4-3, Asahi-machi, Abeno-ku, Osaka 545-8585, Japan.

Dr. Tsumura: Second Department of Internal Medicine, Osaka City University Medical School, 1-4-3, Asahi-machi, Abeno-ku, Osaka 545-8585, Japan.

Dr. Okada: Medical Center for Employees' Health, Osaka Gas Company, 3 South 2-37, Chiyozaki, Nishi-ku, Osaka 550-0023, Japan.

Dr. Fujii: Environment and Public Health Bureau, Osaka City, 1-3-20, Nakanoshima, Kita-ku, Osaka 530-0005, Japan.


Ann Intern Med. 1999;131(1):21-26. doi:10.7326/0003-4819-131-1-199907060-00005
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There is good evidence that physical activity reduces the risk for cardiovascular disease (16), possibly in part by lowering blood pressure (7). Although mild or moderate physical activity, such as brisk walking, is a recommended part of the treatment protocol for persons with hypertension (89), it is not known whether mild physical activity, especially walking, reduces the risk for hypertension.

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