The full content of Annals is available to subscribers

Subscribe/Learn More  >
Currents |

Rapid Testing for HIV: Why So Fast?

Brigid Kane
[+] Article, Author, and Disclosure Information

Copyright ©2004 by the American College of Physicians

Ann Intern Med. 1999;131(6):481-483. doi:10.7326/0003-4819-131-6-199909210-00101
Text Size: A A A

Only one rapid test for diagnosing HIV infection is currently approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA). The screening enzyme immunoassay marketed as a single use diagnostic system (SUDS) by Abbott Diagnostics (Abbott Park, lllinois)—is a multistep test that gives a colorimetric reading within 10 to 15 minutes of adding two drops of a patient's serum or plasma to the test kit's cartridge. When this test was first approved by the FDA in 1992, the U.S. Public Health Service did not trumpet the benefits of rapid HIV testing. Instead, it continued supporting its 1989 recommendations that advised health care providers to withhold unconfirmed positive results of HIV tests. Many states embraced these recommendations as law, mandating that initially positive results obtained from screening tests be confirmed by Western blot or enzyme-linked immunofluorescence assay (ELISA) before tested persons could be notified.





Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).


Submit a Comment
Submit a Comment

Summary for Patients

Clinical Slide Sets

Terms of Use

The In the Clinic® slide sets are owned and copyrighted by the American College of Physicians (ACP). All text, graphics, trademarks, and other intellectual property incorporated into the slide sets remain the sole and exclusive property of the ACP. The slide sets may be used only by the person who downloads or purchases them and only for the purpose of presenting them during not-for-profit educational activities. Users may incorporate the entire slide set or selected individual slides into their own teaching presentations but may not alter the content of the slides in any way or remove the ACP copyright notice. Users may make print copies for use as hand-outs for the audience the user is personally addressing but may not otherwise reproduce or distribute the slides by any means or media, including but not limited to sending them as e-mail attachments, posting them on Internet or Intranet sites, publishing them in meeting proceedings, or making them available for sale or distribution in any unauthorized form, without the express written permission of the ACP. Unauthorized use of the In the Clinic slide sets will constitute copyright infringement.


Buy Now for $32.00

to gain full access to the content and tools.

Want to Subscribe?

Learn more about subscription options

Related Articles
Related Point of Care
Topic Collections
PubMed Articles
Forgot your password?
Enter your username and email address. We'll send you a reminder to the email address on record.