Summaries for Patients |

Urinary Incontinence in Men FREE

[+] Article, Author, and Disclosure Information

The summary below is from the full report titled “Urinary Incontinence among Male Veterans Receiving Care in Primary Care Clinics.”. It is in the 4 April 2000 issue of Annals of Internal Medicine (volume 132, pages 547-551). The authors are.H. Smoger, T.L. Felice, and G.H. Kloecker.

Ann Intern Med. 2000;132(7):547. doi:10.7326/0003-4819-132-7-200004040-00040
Text Size: A A A

What is the problem and what is known about it so far?

Urinary incontinence, the involuntary loss of urine, is an important health concern. Incontinence affects many adults, but much more is known about incontinence in women than in men.

Why did the researchers do this particular study?

The authors wanted to find out how often urinary incontinence happens in men.

Who was studied?

The researchers studied 840 men (average age about 60 years) who visited primary care clinics at the Louisville Veterans Affairs Medical Center.

How was the study done?

Male patients in the waiting rooms of the clinics who agreed to participate completed a private, written survey about bladder function. The survey asked about amount and frequency of urinary incontinence and its impact on quality of life. It also asked about general health information, previous surgery involving the urinary system, and medications that might affect urination. Finally, it asked whether these men had discussed this problem with their health care providers. The researchers defined incontinence as any episode of involuntary urine loss in the past 12 months.

What did the researchers find?

The researchers approached 991 men and 840 agreed to participate. Almost one third of the men reported incontinence, which occurred at least once a week in about 14% of men. About 3% of men reported loss of enough urine to wet outer clothing or the floor. Incontinence occurred most often in men who were 61 to 70 years old. Factors related to incontinence were prior prostate or bladder surgery and the use of medications to prevent bladder spasm. The presence of prostate cancer, by itself, and the use of diuretics “water pills” or prostate-acting medicines were not related to incontinence. Incontinence was associated with poorer quality of emotional health and social relationships, less physical activity, and interference with travel. Within the previous year, only 32% of the men with incontinence had discussed the problem with a medical provider. However, three quarters of these men expressed an interest in treatment for the problem.

What were the limitations of the study?

This study may have overestimated the frequency of urinary incontinence in men because men with incontinence may be especially likely to participate in a study about bladder function. All of these men were visiting doctors, and the frequency of incontinence may be less among men who do not visit doctors. In addition, some men may have reported relatively minor episodes of urine loss.

What are the implications of the study?

Incontinence may be more common than is usually suspected among adult men who visit doctors. Men with this problem often do not mention it to their health care providers. Doctors and other health care providers should consider routinely asking all men about incontinence, since it can often be successfully treated.





Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).


Submit a Comment/Letter
Submit a Comment/Letter

Summary for Patients

Clinical Slide Sets

Terms of Use

The In the Clinic® slide sets are owned and copyrighted by the American College of Physicians (ACP). All text, graphics, trademarks, and other intellectual property incorporated into the slide sets remain the sole and exclusive property of the ACP. The slide sets may be used only by the person who downloads or purchases them and only for the purpose of presenting them during not-for-profit educational activities. Users may incorporate the entire slide set or selected individual slides into their own teaching presentations but may not alter the content of the slides in any way or remove the ACP copyright notice. Users may make print copies for use as hand-outs for the audience the user is personally addressing but may not otherwise reproduce or distribute the slides by any means or media, including but not limited to sending them as e-mail attachments, posting them on Internet or Intranet sites, publishing them in meeting proceedings, or making them available for sale or distribution in any unauthorized form, without the express written permission of the ACP. Unauthorized use of the In the Clinic slide sets will constitute copyright infringement.


Want to Subscribe?

Learn more about subscription options

Related Articles
Journal Club
Topic Collections
PubMed Articles
Forgot your password?
Enter your username and email address. We'll send you a reminder to the email address on record.