The generally lower mortality hazard was equal to about a 28% relative reduction in death rates in winners (95% CI, 10% to 42%). Adjustment for birth year, sex, and ethnicity yielded similar results (Table 3). Accounting for birth country, name change, age at release of first film, and total films in career also made no large difference. Excluding performers who died before 50 years of age and those who won an award after 50 years of age yielded a relative reduction of 25% (CI, 2% to 42%), which decreased to 18% (CI, −7% to 37%) after adjustment for birth year, sex, and ethnicity. Analyses using time-dependent covariates, in which winners were counted as controls until the time of first victory, yielded a relative reduction of 20% (CI, 0% to 35%). Analyses excluding performers with multiple wins yielded a relative reduction of 25% (CI, 5% to 40%).