Background: Interferon therapy decreases the incidence of hepatocellular carcinoma in patients with chronic hepatitis C.
Objective: To evaluate effects of interferon-Î± on recurrence after resection of hepatitis C virusâ€“related hepatocellular carcinoma.
Design: Randomized, controlled trial.
Setting: University hospital, medical center, and affiliated hospital in Osaka, Japan.
Patients: 30 men were randomly allocated after resection to the interferon-Î± group (n = 15) or the control group (n = 15).
Intervention: Patients in the interferon-Î± group received interferon-Î±, 6 MIU intramuscularly daily for 2 weeks, then three times weekly for 14 weeks, and finally twice weekly for 88 weeks.
Measurements: Recurrence rates after resection.
Results: Recurrent tumors were detected in 5 patients in the interferon-Î± group and in 12 control patients. The recurrence rate was significantly lower in the interferon-Î± group than in the control group (PÂ =Â 0.037).
Conclusion: Postoperative interferon-Î± therapy appears to decrease recurrence after resection of hepatitis C virusâ€“related hepatocellular carcinoma.