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Who Is Sicker: Patients—or Residents? Residents' Distress and the Care of Patients

Linda Hawes Clever, MD
[+] Article, Author, and Disclosure Information

California Pacific Medical Center, San Francisco, CA 94115

Disclosure: Dr. Clever receives compensation as president of Renew!, a nonprofit organization dedicated to returning health to health professionals.

Requests for Single Reprints: Linda Hawes Clever, MD, Occupational Health, California Pacific Medical Center, 2351 Clay Street, Suite S 513F, San Francisco, CA 94115.

Ann Intern Med. 2002;136(5):391-393. doi:10.7326/0003-4819-136-5-200203050-00012
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Is burnout in residents a malignant disease? Do exhaustion, cynicism, and ineffectiveness start small, then grow, spread, and harm? Do they extend to students, other residents, patients, career, family? If so, what is the pathogenesis? What is the treatment? Can we prevent, cure, or heal this? Should anyone care?

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