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Use of Postmenopausal Hormones, Alcohol, and Risk for Invasive Breast Cancer

Wendy Y. Chen, MD, MPH; Graham A. Colditz, MBBS, DrPH; Bernard Rosner, PhD; Susan E. Hankinson, ScD; David J. Hunter, MBBS, ScD; JoAnn E. Manson, MD, DrPH; Meir J. Stampfer, MD, DrPH; Walter C. Willett, MD, DrPH; and Frank E. Speizer, MD
[+] Article and Author Information

From Channing Laboratory, Brigham and Women's Hospital and Harvard Medical School, and Dana Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, Massachusetts.


Acknowledgments: The authors thank the participants in the Nurses' Health Study for their continuing dedication and commitment and Karen Corsano, MA, and Barbara Egan for assistance.

Grant Support: By research grant CA40356 from the National Institutes of Health. Dr. Chen was supported by a training grant in the Harvard Education Program in Cancer Prevention Control (5-R25-CA577011-08).

Potential Financial Conflicts of Interest: None disclosed.

Requests for Single Reprints: Wendy Y. Chen, MD, MPH, Channing Laboratory, 181 Longwood Avenue, Boston, MA 02115.

Current Author Addresses: Drs. Chen, Colditz, Rosner, Hankinson, Hunter, Manson, Stampfer, Willett, and Speizer: Channing Laboratory, 181 Longwood Avenue, Boston, MA 02115.

Author Contributions: Conception and design: W.Y. Chen, G.A. Colditz, B. Rosner, W.C. Willett.

Analysis and interpretation of the data: W.Y. Chen, G.A. Colditz, B. Rosner, S.E. Hankinson, D.J. Hunter, J.E. Manson, M.J. Stampfer, W.C. Willett, F.E. Speizer.

Drafting of the article: W.Y. Chen, G.A. Colditz.

Critical revision of the article for important intellectual content: W.Y. Chen, G.A. Colditz, B. Rosner, S.E. Hankinson, D.J. Hunter, J.E. Manson, M.J. Stampfer, W.C. Willett, F.E. Speizer.

Final approval of the article: W.Y. Chen, G.A. Colditz, B. Rosner, S.E. Hankinson, D.J. Hunter, J.E. Manson, M.J. Stampfer, W.C. Willett, F.E. Speizer.

Statistical expertise: B. Rosner, W.C. Willett.


Ann Intern Med. 2002;137(10):798-804. doi:10.7326/0003-4819-137-10-200211190-00008
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The Nurses' Health Study cohort was established in 1976, when 121 700 female registered nurses 30 to 55 years of age completed a baseline questionnaire that included items on risk factors for cancer and cardiovascular disease. Every 2 years, follow-up questionnaires have been mailed to update information.

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Summary for Patients

Alcohol, Postmenopausal Hormone Therapy, and Breast Cancer

The summary below is from the full report titled “Use of Postmenopausal Hormones, Alcohol, and Risk for Invasive Breast Cancer.” It is in the 19 November 2002 issue of Annals of Internal Medicine (volume 137, pages 798-804). The authors are WY Chen, GA Colditz, B Rosner, SE Hankinson, DJ Hunter, JE Manson, MJ Stampfer, WC Willett, and FE Speizer.

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