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The Metabolic Syndrome and Chronic Kidney Disease in U.S. Adults

Jing Chen, MD, MSc; Paul Muntner, PhD; L. Lee Hamm, MD; Daniel W. Jones, MD; Vecihi Batuman, MD; Vivian Fonseca, MD; Paul K. Whelton, MD, MSc; and Jiang He, MD, PhD
[+] Article and Author Information

From Tulane University Schools of Medicine and Public Health and Tropical Medicine, New Orleans, Louisiana, and University of Mississippi School of Medicine, Jackson, Mississippi.


Grant Support: In part by grant U01 DK60963 from the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland. Dr. Chen is supported by a Building Interdisciplinary Research Careers in Women's Health Scholarship (K12 HD43451) from the National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland.

Potential Financial Conflicts of Interest: None disclosed.

Requests for Single Reprints: Jiang He, MD, PhD, Department of Epidemiology, Tulane University School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, 1430 Tulane Avenue SL18, New Orleans, LA 70112; e-mail, jhe@tulane.edu.

Current Author Addresses: Drs. Chen, Muntner, Hamm, Batuman, Fonseca, and Whelton: Tulane University, 1430 Tulane Avenue, New Orleans, LA 70112.

Dr. Jones: University of Mississippi, 2500 North State Street, Jackson, MS 39216.

Dr. He: Department of Epidemiology, Tulane University School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, 1430 Tulane Avenue SL18, New Orleans, LA 70112.

Author Contributions: Conception and design: J. Chen, J. He.

Analysis and interpretation of the data: J. Chen, P. Muntner, J. He.

Drafting of the article: J. Chen, J. He.

Critical revision of the article for important intellectual content: J. Chen, P. Muntner, L.L. Hamm, D.W. Jones, V. Batuman, V. Fonseca, P.K. Whelton, J. He.

Final approval of the article: J. Chen, P. Muntner, L.L. Hamm, D.W. Jones, V. Batuman, V. Fonseca, P.K. Whelton, J. He.

Statistical expertise: J. Chen, P. Muntner, J. He.

Obtaining of funding: J. He.

Administrative, technical, or logistic support: J. He.


Ann Intern Med. 2004;140(3):167-174. doi:10.7326/0003-4819-140-3-200402030-00007
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Overall, 34.1%, 13.4%, 30.1%, 37.3%, and 38.1% of the study sample had elevated blood pressure, high plasma glucose levels, high triglyceride levels, low HDL cholesterol levels, and abdominal obesity, respectively. Figure 1 shows the distribution of the study participants by number of metabolic syndrome components present. Overall, 24.7% of the study participants had the metabolic syndrome.

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Figure 1.
Prevalence of the metabolic syndrome and number of the metabolic syndrome components
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Figure 2.
Prevalence of chronic kidney disease (top) and microalbuminuria (bottom) by number of the metabolic syndrome components
Grahic Jump Location

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Summary for Patients

Association of the Metabolic Syndrome and Chronic Kidney Disease in U.S. Adults

The summary below is from the full report titled “The Metabolic Syndrome and Chronic Kidney Disease in U.S. Adults.” It is in the 3 February 2004 issue of Annals of Internal Medicine (volume 140, pages 167–174). The authors are J. Chen, P. Muntner, L.L. Hamm, D.W. Jones, V. Batuman, V. Fonseca, P.K. Whelton, and J. He.

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