Our qualitative review helps to facilitate discussion around the state of research on DSME interventions in community settings. The study has some limitations. First, we could only cover information that was presented. Researchers may have addressed these aspects but omitted description of them for various reasons, such as to adhere to publication submission requirements. Alternately, this information may have been published elsewhere. In addition, the 8 studies provided evidence that the DSME intervention had positive effects on glycemic control. Because discussion of theory, culture, and instrument quality was lacking, however, it is difficult to postulate what exactly contributed to the success of the intervention. Despite these limitations, our findings suggest that lack of discussion of theory, culture, and instrument quality in published research may hinder identification of future strategies to improve, maximize, replicate, and disseminate effective DSME interventions in community settings.