Glucocorticoids (also known as steroids or corticosteroids) include medications such as beclomethasone, prednisone, prednisolone, cortisone, and hydrocortisone. Glucocorticoids are related to corticosteroid hormones produced by the adrenal glands. Doctors prescribe glucocorticoids primarily to treat inflammatory conditions that affect the lungs, skin, joints, digestive tract, eyes, or other body systems. Common diseases that frequently require treatment with glucocorticoids include asthma, inflammatory bowel disease, and some types of arthritis. Glucocorticoids generally do not cause serious side effects when patients use them in small amounts or for short durations. However, patients who require high doses or longer duration of glucocorticoid treatment can develop side effects, including weight gain, mood changes, high blood pressure, high blood sugar levels, and thinning of the bones. Some people worry that glucocorticoids' effects on blood pressure, blood sugar, and body weight put users at high risk for cardiovascular disease, such as heart attack and stroke. While glucocorticoids have been associated with higher risk for cardiovascular disease, research on the existence and strength of the link between glucocorticoids medications and cardiovascular disease is limited.