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Editorials |

Naps and Drugs To Combat Fatigue and Sleepiness

Christian Guilleminault, MD, BiolD; and Kannan Ramar, MD
[+] Article and Author Information

From Stanford University Sleep Medicine Program, Stanford, CA 94305.


Potential Financial Conflicts of Interest: None disclosed.

Requests for Single Reprints: Christian Guilleminault, MD, BiolD, Stanford University Sleep Disorders Clinic, 401 Obarry Road, Stanford, CA 94305.

Current Author Addresses: Drs. Guilleminault and Ramar: Stanford University Sleep Disorders Clinic, 401 Quarry Road, Stanford, CA 94305.


Ann Intern Med. 2006;144(11):856-857. doi:10.7326/0003-4819-144-11-200606060-00012
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The United States is progressing toward a 24-hour society as it grows dependent on shift work to meet the demands for increased productivity in the global economy. Consequently, sleep deprivation is a growing problem in the workplace. Sleepiness in shift and night work is as severe a problem as that of insomnia and is said to affect 75% of shift and night workers (1). It can cause disruptions in everyday function, including psychosocial distress, decreased cognitive performance, increased risk-taking behavior, and inappropriate decision making (2). Many industries have established specific rules to prevent performance impairment caused by long working hours, sleep restriction, and circadian dyschronosis.

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