0

The full content of Annals is available to subscribers

Subscribe/Learn More  >
Articles |

High Incidence of New Sexually Transmitted Infections in the Year following a Sexually Transmitted Infection: A Case for Rescreening

Thomas A. Peterman, MD, MSc; Lin H. Tian, MD, MS; Carol A. Metcalf, MBChB, MPH; Catherine L. Satterwhite, MSPH, MPH; C. Kevin Malotte, DrPH; Nettie DeAugustine, BA; Sindy M. Paul, MD, MPH; Helene Cross, PhD; Cornelis A. Rietmeijer, MD, PhD; John M. Douglas Jr., MD, RESPECT-2 Study Group*
[+] Article and Author Information

From Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia; Human Sciences Research Council, Pretoria, South Africa; California State University and Long Beach Department of Health and Human Services, Long Beach, California; New Jersey Department of Health and Senior Services, Trenton, New Jersey; and Denver Public Health Department and University of Colorado at Denver Health Sciences Center, Denver, Colorado.


Grant Support: None.

Potential Financial Conflicts of Interest:Grants received: C.K. Malotte (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention).

Requests for Single Reprints: Thomas A. Peterman, MD, MSc, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Mailstop E-02, 1600 Clifton Road NE, Atlanta, GA 30333; e-mail, tpeterman@cdc.gov.

Current Author Addresses: Drs. Peterman, Tian, and Douglas and Ms. Satterwhite: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Mailstop E-02, 1600 Clifton Road NE, Atlanta, GA 30333.

Dr. Metcalf: Human Sciences Research Council, 134 Pretorius Street, Pretoria, 0002 Private Bag X41, Pretoria 0001, South Africa.

Dr. Malotte: California State University, Long Beach, 5500 Atherton Street, Suite 400, Long Beach, CA 90815.

Ms. DeAugustine: City of Long Beach Department of Health, 2525 Grand Avenue, Long Beach, CA 90815.

Dr. Paul: New Jersey Department of Health and Senior Services, P.O. Box 363, Trenton, NJ 08625-0363.

Dr. Cross: New Jersey Department of Health and Senior Services, Box 363, Trenton, NJ 08625-0363.

Dr. Rietmeijer: Denver Public Health Department, 605 Bannock Street, Denver, CO 80204.

Author Contributions: Conception and design: T.A. Peterman, C.A. Metcalf, S.M. Paul, H. Cross, C.A. Rietmeijer, J.M. Douglas Jr.

Analysis and interpretation of the data: T.A. Peterman, L.H. Tian, C.A. Metcalf, C.L. Satterwhite, S.M. Paul, C.A. Rietmeijer.

Drafting of the article: T.A. Peterman, S.M. Paul, C.A. Rietmeijer.

Critical revision of the article for important intellectual content: T.A. Peterman, C.A. Metcalf, C.K. Malotte, S.M. Paul, C.A. Rietmeijer, J.M. Douglas Jr.

Final approval of the article: T.A. Peterman, L.H. Tian, C.A. Metcalf, C.L. Satterwhite, C.K. Malotte, N. DeAugustine, S.M. Paul, H. Cross, C.A. Rietmeijer, J.M. Douglas Jr.

Provision of study materials or patients: N. DeAugustine, S.M. Paul, C.A. Rietmeijer, J.M. Douglas Jr.

Statistical expertise: L.H. Tian.

Obtaining of funding: H. Cross, C.A. Rietmeijer.

Administrative, technical, or logistic support: J.M. Douglas, H. Cross.

Collection and assembly of data: C.A. Metcalf, C.L. Satterwhite, C.K. Malotte, S.M. Paul, H. Cross, C.A. Rietmeijer.


Ann Intern Med. 2006;145(8):564-572. doi:10.7326/0003-4819-145-8-200610170-00005
Text Size: A A A

A multicenter randomized, controlled trial of HIV prevention counseling with a rapid HIV test or a standard HIV test (RESPECT-2) was conducted in 3 public STD clinics in Denver, Colorado; Long Beach, California; and Newark, New Jersey. Primary analyses and detailed methods are described elsewhere (13). Briefly, eligible clients were those who came to the clinics for a full diagnostic examination for sexually transmitted infections, were HIV-negative at enrollment, reported having vaginal or anal sex in the preceding 3 months, and were 15 to 39 years of age. At the initial visit, participants were counseled, examined, and tested for sexually transmitted infections and HIV infection. Outcomes were measured at 13-week intervals, scheduled 3, 6, 9, and 12 months from the date of enrollment. Before each follow-up visit, study staff mailed a reminder letter to each participant and made a reminder telephone call. When participants did not keep appointments, staff mailed additional reminder letters and made additional telephone calls to reschedule the visit as needed. Participants who were due for a study follow-up visit were screened for sexually transmitted infections and were interviewed if they visited the clinic any time from 1 week before the due date up to 12 weeks after the due date. Participants were given $25 for completing each follow-up visit. This amount was later increased to $50 in an attempt to improve retention rates.

First Page Preview

View Large
First page PDF preview

Figures

Tables

References

Letters

NOTE:
Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).

Comments

Submit a Comment
Submit a Comment

Summary for Patients

What Happens to Patients during the Year following Treatment for Sexually Transmitted Infections? How Well Does Antibiotic Treatment Work?

The summary below is from the full report titled “High Incidence of New Sexually Transmitted Infections in the Year following a Sexually Transmitted Infection: A Case for Rescreening.” It is in the 17 October 2006 issue of Annals of Internal Medicine (volume 145, pages 564-572). The authors are T.A. Peterman, L.H. Tian, C.A. Metcalf, C.L. Satterwhite, C.K. Malotte, N. DeAugustine, S.M. Paul, H. Cross, C.A. Rietmeijer, and J.M. Douglas Jr., for the RESPECT-2 Study Group

Read More...

Clinical Slide Sets

Terms of Use

The In the Clinic® slide sets are owned and copyrighted by the American College of Physicians (ACP). All text, graphics, trademarks, and other intellectual property incorporated into the slide sets remain the sole and exclusive property of the ACP. The slide sets may be used only by the person who downloads or purchases them and only for the purpose of presenting them during not-for-profit educational activities. Users may incorporate the entire slide set or selected individual slides into their own teaching presentations but may not alter the content of the slides in any way or remove the ACP copyright notice. Users may make print copies for use as hand-outs for the audience the user is personally addressing but may not otherwise reproduce or distribute the slides by any means or media, including but not limited to sending them as e-mail attachments, posting them on Internet or Intranet sites, publishing them in meeting proceedings, or making them available for sale or distribution in any unauthorized form, without the express written permission of the ACP. Unauthorized use of the In the Clinic slide sets will constitute copyright infringement.

Toolkit

Buy Now

to gain full access to the content and tools.

Want to Subscribe?

Learn more about subscription options

Advertisement
Related Articles
Related Point of Care
Topic Collections
PubMed Articles

Buy Now

to gain full access to the content and tools.

Want to Subscribe?

Learn more about subscription options

Forgot your password?
Enter your username and email address. We'll send you a reminder to the email address on record.
(Required)
(Required)