Details of the TNT study design and outcome measures are published elsewhere (11–12). After a washout phase, men and women 35 to 75 years of age with established CHD, LDL cholesterol levels between 3.4 and 6.5 mmol/L (130 and 250 mg/dL), and triglyceride levels less than 6.8 mmol/L (<600 mg/dL) were eligible to enter an 8-week, open-label, run-in period with atorvastatin, 10 mg/d. At the end of the run-in phase, 10 001 patients with LDL cholesterol levels less than 3.4 mmol/L (<130 mg/dL) were randomly assigned to receive double-blind therapy with atorvastatin, 10 or 80 mg/d. The time of randomization was used as the baseline, and patients were followed for a median of 4.9 years. The primary study outcome was the time to the first occurrence of a major cardiovascular event, defined as death due to CHD, nonfatal non–procedure-related myocardial infarction, resuscitated cardiac arrest, and fatal or nonfatal stroke. The prespecified secondary outcomes were a major coronary event, a cerebrovascular event, peripheral arterial disease, hospitalization with a primary diagnosis of congestive heart failure, death from any cause, any cardiovascular event, and any coronary event. An independent end point committee that was blinded to treatment assignment adjudicated all primary and secondary outcomes.