Joel Tsevat, MD, MPH; Christopher Moriates, MD
Disclosures: Disclosures can be viewed at www.acponline.org/authors/icmje/ConflictOfInterestForms.do?msNum=M18-0342.
Corresponding Author: Joel Tsevat, MD, MPH, University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, ReACH Center, 7411 John Smith Drive, Suite 1050, San Antonio, TX 78229; e-mail, firstname.lastname@example.org.
Current Author Addresses: Dr. Tsevat: University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, ReACH Center, 7411 John Smith Drive, Suite 1050, San Antonio, TX 78229.
Dr. Moriates: University of Texas Dell Medical School, 1501 Red River Street, Health Learning Building, Room 2.323, Austin, TX 78712.
Author Contributions: Conception and design: J. Tsevat, C. Moriates.
Drafting of the article: J. Tsevat, C. Moriates.
Critical revision of the article for important intellectual content: J. Tsevat, C. Moriates.
Final approval of the article: J. Tsevat, C. Moriates.
Value-based health care (VBHC) has recently emerged as a prominent movement within health care. Value-based health care focuses on maximizing outcomes achieved per dollar spent. As such, it bears many similarities to a well-established method, cost-effectiveness analysis (CEA), which provides a framework for comparing the relative value of different diagnostic or treatment interventions. Both approaches address “bang for the health care buck,” but although they overlap in many ways, VBHC and CEA differ with regard to their main applications, their perspective, and the types of costs and outcomes they consider. For example, CEA generally considers costs and benefits from the societal or health care sector perspectives, whereas VBHC is intended to adopt the patient perspective. As such, CEA is intended to inform coverage decisions at a group or population level and VBHC is intended to be implemented at the level of clinician–patient interactions. Meanwhile, value-based payment has emerged as a visible component of VBHC and is gaining a foothold in the United States in various forms, particularly bundled payments and accountable care organizations, in an effort to reward high-value care and disincentivize low-value care. Differences aside, as the worlds of VBHC and CEA begin to intersect, each discipline can learn from the other.
Tsevat J, Moriates C. Value-Based Health Care Meets Cost-Effectiveness Analysis. Ann Intern Med. ;169:329–332. doi: 10.7326/M18-0342
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Published: Ann Intern Med. 2018;169(5):329-332.
Published at www.annals.org on 7 August 2018
Healthcare Delivery and Policy, High Value Care.
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