Andrea C. Tricco, PhD, MSc; Erin Lillie, MSc; Wasifa Zarin, MPH; Kelly K. O'Brien, PhD, BScPT; Heather Colquhoun, PhD; Danielle Levac, PhD, MSc, BScPT; David Moher, PhD, MSc; Micah D.J. Peters, PhD, MA(Q); Tanya Horsley, PhD; Laura Weeks, PhD; Susanne Hempel, PhD; Elie A. Akl, MD, PhD, MPH; Christine Chang, MD, MPH; Jessie McGowan, PhD; Lesley Stewart, PhD, MSc; Lisa Hartling, PhD, MSc, BScPT; Adrian Aldcroft, BA(Hons), BEd; Michael G. Wilson, PhD; Chantelle Garritty, MSc; Simon Lewin, PhD; Christina M. Godfrey, PhD, RN; Marilyn T. Macdonald, PhD, MSN; Etienne V. Langlois, PhD; Karla Soares-Weiser, MD, PhD; Jo Moriarty, MA; Tammy Clifford, PhD, MSc; Özge Tunçalp, MD, PhD, MPH; Sharon E. Straus, MD, MSc
Note: Dr. Tricco affirms that the manuscript is an honest, accurate, and transparent account of the study being reported; that no important aspects of the study have been omitted; and that any discrepancies from the study as planned (and, if relevant, registered) have been explained.
Acknowledgment: The authors thank Susan Le for supporting the coordination of the project and formatting the manuscript; Anna Lambrinos and Dr. Mai Pham for participating in round 1 of scoring and attending the in-person meeting; Dr. Lisa O'Malley for participating in round 1 of scoring and the e-Delphi round 2 of scoring; Dr. Peter Griffiths and Dr. Charles Shey Wiysonge for participating in round 1 of scoring and providing feedback on Conceptboard; Dr. Jill Manthorpe and Dr. Mary Ann McColl for participating in round 1 of scoring; Assem M. Khamis for assisting with the identification of examples for the Explanation and Elaboration document; and Melissa Chen, Jessica Comilang, and Meghan Storey for providing administrative support for the in-person meeting.
Financial Support: By Knowledge Synthesis grant KRS 144046 from the Canadian Institutes of Health Research. Dr. Tricco is funded by a Tier 2 Canada Research Chair in Knowledge Synthesis. Dr. O'Brien was supported by a Canadian Institutes of Health Research New Investigator Award. Dr. Straus is funded by a Tier 1 Canada Research Chair in Knowledge Translation.
Disclosures: Mr. Aldcroft reports that he is the editor of BMJ Open. Dr. Lewin reports that he is the joint coordinating editor for the Cochrane Effective Practice and Organisation of Care (EPOC) Group. Dr. Straus reports that she is an associate editor of ACP Journal Club. Authors not named here have disclosed no conflicts of interest. Disclosures can also be viewed at www.acponline.org/authors/icmje/ConflictOfInterestForms.do?msNum=M18-0850.
Reproducible Research Statement:Study protocol: Available at the EQUATOR and PRISMA Web sites (www.equator-network.org/library/reporting-guidelines-under-development/#55 and www.prisma-statement.org/Extensions/InDevelopment.aspx). Statistical code: Not applicable. Data set: Available from Dr. Tricco (e-mail, firstname.lastname@example.org).
Corresponding Author: Andrea C. Tricco, PhD, MSc, Knowledge Translation Program, Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute, St. Michael's Hospital, 209 Victoria Street, East Building, Toronto, Ontario M5B 1W8, Canada; e-mail, email@example.com.
Current Author Addresses: Drs. Tricco and Straus, Ms. Lillie, and Ms. Zarin: Knowledge Translation Program, Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute, St. Michael's Hospital, 209 Victoria Street, East Building, Toronto, Ontario M5B 1T8, Canada.
Dr. O'Brien: Department of Physical Therapy, University of Toronto, 160-500 University Avenue, Toronto, Ontario M5G 1V7, Canada.
Dr. Colquhoun: Department of Occupational Science and Occupational Therapy, University of Toronto, 160-500 University Avenue, Toronto, Ontario M5G 1V7, Canada.
Dr. Levac: Department of Physical Therapy, Movement and Rehabilitation Science, Bouvé College of Health Sciences, Northeastern University, 360 Huntington Avenue, Boston, MA 02115.
Dr. Moher and Ms. Garritty: Centre for Journalology, Ottawa Hospital Research Institute, The Ottawa Hospital, 501 Smyth Road, PO Box 201B, Ottawa, Ontario K1H 8L6, Canada.
Dr. Peters: Rosemary Bryant AO Research Centre, Sansom Institute for Health Research, Division of Health Sciences, University of South Australia, Adelaide, South Australia 5000, Australia.
Dr. Horsley: The Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons, 774 Echo Drive, Ottawa, Ontario K1S 5N8, Canada.
Drs. Weeks and Clifford: CADTH (Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies in Health), 865 Carling Avenue, Suite 600, Ottawa, Ontario K1S 5S8, Canada.
Dr. Hempel: RAND Corporation, 1776 Main Street, Santa Monica, CA 90401.
Dr. Akl: Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Gefinor Center, Block B, 4th Floor, American University of Beirut, Riad El-Solh, Beirut, Lebanon.
Dr. Chang: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, 5600 Fishers Lane, Rockville, MD 20857.
Dr. McGowan: Department of Medicine, University of Ottawa, Roger Guindon Hall, 451 Smyth Road, Ottawa, Ontario K1H 8M5, Canada.
Dr. Stewart: Centre for Reviews and Dissemination, University of York, Heslington, York YO10 5DD, United Kingdom.
Dr. Hartling: Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, University of Alberta, 11405-87 Avenue, Edmonton, Alberta T6G 1C9, Canada.
Mr. Aldcroft: BMJ Open Editorial Office, BMA House, Tavistock Square, London WC1H 9JR, United Kingdom.
Dr. Wilson: Department of Health Research Methods, Evidence, and Impact, McMaster University, 1280 Main Street West, Hamilton, Ontario L8S 4K1, Canada.
Dr. Lewin: Norwegian Institute of Public Health, PO Box 4404 Nydalen, N-0403 Oslo, Norway.
Dr. Godfrey: Queen's Collaboration for Health Care Quality: A JBI Centre of Excellence, Queen's University School of Nursing, 992 University Avenue, Barrie Street, Kingston, Ontario K7L 3N6, Canada.
Dr. Macdonald: School of Nursing, Dalhousie University, PO Box 15000, 5869 University Avenue, Halifax, Nova Scotia B3H 4R2, Canada.
Dr. Langlois: Alliance for Health Policy and Systems Research, World Health Organization, Avenue Appia 20, 1211 Geneva, Switzerland.
Dr. Soares-Weiser: Cochrane Editorial Unit, Cochrane, St. Albans House, 57-59 Haymarket, London SW1Y 4QX, United Kingdom.
Ms. Moriarty: Social Care Workforce Research Unit, King's College London, Strand, London WC2R 2LS, United Kingdom.
Dr. Tunçalp: Department of Reproductive Health and Research, World Health Organization, Avenue Appia 20, 1211 Geneva, Switzerland.
Author Contributions: Conception and design: A.C. Tricco, W. Zarin, K.K. O'Brien, D. Moher, M.D.J. Peters, L. Stewart, S.E. Straus.
Analysis and interpretation of the data: A.C. Tricco, E. Lillie, W. Zarin, K.K. O'Brien, H. Colquhoun, D. Moher, M.D.J. Peters, T. Horsley, S. Hempel, E.A. Akl, C. Chang, J. McGowan, L. Stewart, L. Hartling, A. Aldcroft, M.G. Wilson, C. Garritty, S. Lewin, C.M. Godfrey, M.T. Macdonald, K. Soares-Weiser, Ö. Tunçalp, S.E. Straus.
Drafting of the article: A.C. Tricco, E. Lillie, W. Zarin, K.K. O'Brien, D. Levac, D. Moher, M.D.J. Peters, T. Horsley, C. Chang, J. McGowan, A. Aldcroft, C. Garritty.
Critical revision of the article for important intellectual content: A.C. Tricco, E. Lillie, W. Zarin, K.K. O'Brien, D. Moher, M.D.J. Peters, T. Horsley, L. Weeks, S. Hempel, E.A. Akl, J. McGowan, L. Stewart, L. Hartling, A. Aldcroft, M.G. Wilson, C. Garritty, S. Lewin, C.M. Godfrey, E.V. Langlois, T. Clifford, Ö. Tunçalp, S.E. Straus.
Final approval of the article: A.C. Tricco, E. Lillie, W. Zarin, K.K. O'Brien, H. Colquhoun, D. Levac, D. Moher, M.D.J. Peters, T. Horsley, L. Weeks, S. Hempel, E.A. Akl, C. Chang, J. McGowan, L. Stewart, L. Hartling, A. Aldcroft, M.G. Wilson, C. Garritty, S. Lewin, C.M. Godfrey, M.T. Macdonald, E.V. Langlois, K. Soares-Weiser, J. Moriarty, T. Clifford, Ö. Tunçalp, S.E. Straus.
Obtaining of funding: A.C. Tricco, K.K. O'Brien, S.E. Straus.
Administrative, technical, or logistic support: E. Lillie, W. Zarin, S.E. Straus.
Collection and assembly of data: E. Lillie, W. Zarin, K.K. O'Brien, H. Colquhoun, T. Horsley, L. Weeks, S. Hempel, E.A. Akl, L. Hartling, A. Aldcroft, C. Garritty, M.T. Macdonald, K. Soares-Weiser, T. Clifford, Ö. Tunçalp.
Scoping reviews, a type of knowledge synthesis, follow a systematic approach to map evidence on a topic and identify main concepts, theories, sources, and knowledge gaps. Although more scoping reviews are being done, their methodological and reporting quality need improvement. This document presents the PRISMA-ScR (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic reviews and Meta-Analyses extension for Scoping Reviews) checklist and explanation. The checklist was developed by a 24-member expert panel and 2 research leads following published guidance from the EQUATOR (Enhancing the QUAlity and Transparency Of health Research) Network. The final checklist contains 20 essential reporting items and 2 optional items. The authors provide a rationale and an example of good reporting for each item. The intent of the PRISMA-ScR is to help readers (including researchers, publishers, commissioners, policymakers, health care providers, guideline developers, and patients or consumers) develop a greater understanding of relevant terminology, core concepts, and key items to report for scoping reviews.
Tricco AC, Lillie E, Zarin W, O'Brien KK, Colquhoun H, Levac D, et al. PRISMA Extension for Scoping Reviews (PRISMA-ScR): Checklist and Explanation. Ann Intern Med. [Epub ahead of print 4 September 2018]169:467–473. doi: 10.7326/M18-0850
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Published: Ann Intern Med. 2018;169(7):467-473.
Published at www.annals.org on 4 September 2018
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