Mary K. Serdula, MD; M. Elizabeth Collins, HSD; David F. Williamson, PhD; Robert F. Anda, MD; Elsie Pamuk, PhD; Tim E. Byers, MD
To estimate the prevalence of various weight-loss practices in U.S. adolescents and adults.
The Youth Risk Behavior Survey, a self-administered survey of a random sample of high school students in 1990 and the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System, a random-digit dial survey in 1989.
Thirty-eight states and the District of Columbia.
High school students (n = 11 467) and adults 18 years and older (n = 60 861).
Among high school students, 44% of female students and 15% of male students reported that they were trying to lose weight. An additional 26% of female students and 15% of male students reported that they were trying to keep from gaining more weight. Students reported that they had used the following weight control methods in the 7 days preceding the survey: exercise (51% of female students and 30% of male students); skipping meals (49% and 18%, respectively); taking diet pills (4% and 2%, respectively); and vomiting (3% and 1%, respectively). Among adults, 38% of women and 24% of men reported that they were trying to lose weight, whereas 28% of each sex reported that they were trying to maintain their weight.
Attempts to lose or maintain weight are very prevalent among both adolescents and adults, especially among females.
Serdula MK, Collins ME, Williamson DF, et al. Weight Control Practices of U.S. Adolescents and Adults. Ann Intern Med. 1993;119:667–671. doi: 10.7326/0003-4819-119-7_Part_2-199310011-00008
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Published: Ann Intern Med. 1993;119(7_Part_2):667-671.
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