FRANK J. HIRSCHBOECK
By "spontaneous pneumothorax" I mean to indicate all pneumothoraces which are not induced by external factors, either accidental or for therapeutic purposes. In the literature one finds that some writers limit the term spontaneous pneumothorax to those instances in which the etiology is not demonstrable by our clinical examination, but I believe that these might be more properly classified as the idiopathic type of spontaneous pneumothorax in order to avoid confusion. The distinction in classifying this group separately is of importance, because of certain specific characteristics in the idiopathic cases.
Spontaneous pneumothorax occurs most often between the ages of 15
HIRSCHBOECK FJ. Spontaneous Pneumothorax*: A Discussion of Its Causes. Ann Intern Med. 1931;4:705–722. doi: https://doi.org/10.7326/0003-4819-4-7-705
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Published: Ann Intern Med. 1931;4(7):705-722.
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