I. M. TRACE, M.D., F.A.C.P.
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Walsh, writing in 1871 about the clinical importance of the diaphragm, said: "I am persuaded much of their silence depends less on immunity from disease of this musculo-fibrous septum, than upon the rarity with which it is examined post-mortem. Clinical ignorance is the necessary result of this neglect." And even at present the diaphragm hardly gets the clinical considerations its location and functions warrant.
A musculo-fibrous structure, lined with pleuro-pericardial serosa on its upper and peritoneum on its lower surface, it separates the thoracic and abdominal cavities and is in close contact with the cardio-respiratory organs and important abdominal viscera.
TRACE IM. The Heart and the Diaphragm*†. Ann Intern Med. 1931;5:759–764. doi: https://doi.org/10.7326/0003-4819-5-6-759
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Published: Ann Intern Med. 1931;5(6):759-764.
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