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The plantar reflex should be examined with the patient in the dorsal position, with his extremities extended and with the feet resting on the heels. A blunt needle or a pin should be the instrument used and never an object with a wide end, such as the handle of the neurologic hammer. In making the examination the pin should be traced slowly along the internal and external edges of the foot-sole from the heel to the elevation above the metatarsophalangeal joint, but not on that elevation. The reactions that are to be observed are: (1) movement of the toes, (2)
The Plantar Reflex, its Significance, the Methods of its Examination and the Causes of Some Diagnostic Errors.. Ann Intern Med. ;5:1440. doi: 10.7326/0003-4819-5-11-1440_1
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Published: Ann Intern Med. 1932;5(11):1440.
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