HAROLD J. STEWART, M.D., F.A.C.P.; NORMAN F. CRANE, M.D.; ROBERT F. WATSON, M.D.; CHARLES H. WHEELER, M.D.; JOHN E. DEITRICK, M.D.
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The mechanism of heart failure is still the subject of investigation. In recent years, however, observations have been made which lead to a clearer understanding of its pathological physiology. In 1932 Stewart and Cohn1 published data showing that in human beings "The volume output of blood per minute from the heart which is in failure is diminished and its size larger than when it is in a state of compensation." In addition, there were certain observations relating to dogs pointing to the same conclusions.2 Since then Stewart and his associates3 have made further investigations of patients suffering from congestive heart
STEWART HJ, CRANE NF, WATSON RF, et al. THE CARDIAC OUTPUT IN CONGESTIVE HEART FAILURE AND IN ORGANIC HEART DISEASE1. Ann Intern Med. 1940;13:2323–2340. doi: 10.7326/0003-4819-13-12-2323
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Published: Ann Intern Med. 1940;13(12):2323-2340.
Cardiac Diagnosis and Imaging, Cardiology, Heart Failure.
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