HARRY D. LEINOFF, M.D.
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The increasing physical hazards and strains of civilization have served to stress the importance of trauma as a cause of disease. The medical evaluation of this factor as it pertains to cardiology is so confused that it is not unusual to find equally competent observers on opposite sides of the same question. This paper is presented as a clinical study of only one aspect of this problem, namely, direct nonpenetrating injuries of the heart.
A survey of standard1 and specialized texts2 leaves the impression that this clinical entity is either seldom diagnosed or else is very rare; and in the
LEINOFF HD. DIRECT NONPENETRATING INJURIES OF THE HEART*. Ann Intern Med. 1940;14:653–666. doi: https://doi.org/10.7326/0003-4819-14-4-653
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Published: Ann Intern Med. 1940;14(4):653-666.
Cardiology, Emergency Medicine.
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Print ISSN: 0003-4819 | Online ISSN: 1539-3704
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