JONATHAN E. RHOADS, M.D., Sc. D. (MED.)
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From the standpoint of therapy, body fluids may be considered as composed of water, sodium chloride, glucose, basic ions such as sodium, acid ions such as chloride and the protein and cellular constituents of the blood. There are, of course, numerous other solutes in the plasma such as calcium, magnesium, and potassium chlorides, urea and various phosphates, but with the exception of calcium in certain unusual conditions the need for parenteral administration of these substances has not been demonstrated.
Perhaps the commonest disturbance of fluid balance due to trauma is blood loss as in hemorrhage. In this condition all of
RHOADS JE. PROBLEMS OF FLUID BALANCE IN THE TRAUMATIZED PATIENT1. Ann Intern Med. ;18:988–990. doi: 10.7326/0003-4819-18-6-988
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Published: Ann Intern Med. 1943;18(6):988-990.
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