FREDERICK R. TAYLOR, M.D., F.A.C.P.; ROBERT P. MOREHEAD, M.D.
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Rupture of the aorta is by no means rare. Until comparatively recently, the commonest cause was probably a syphilitic aneurysm. With modern methods in the treatment of syphilis, however, such aneurysms have become much less common than formerly.
The causes of complete rupture of the aorta may be classified as follows:
1. Major trauma. This may be a direct piercing injury, as from a bayonet, bullet, etc.; or a severe, non-penetrating, crushing injury to the chest, such as occurs when a person is injured by a "cave-in" or falls from a high place.
2. Minor trauma combined with one
TAYLOR FR, MOREHEAD RP. SPONTANEOUS COMPLETE RUPTURE OF THE AORTA WITHOUT DISSECTING ANEURYSM, WITH REPORT OF A CASE SHOWING A NEW PHYSICAL SIGN (PERIAORTIC FRICTION RUB)*. Ann Intern Med. 1944;21:81–100. doi: https://doi.org/10.7326/0003-4819-21-1-81
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Published: Ann Intern Med. 1944;21(1):81-100.
Cardiology, Emergency Medicine, Pericardial Disease.
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Print ISSN: 0003-4819 | Online ISSN: 1539-3704
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