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The true incidence of spontaneous hemopneumothorax is unknown. Whereas the literature contains reports of sporadic cases, many cases are not reported, and many cases are misdiagnosed as hydropneumothorax, when roentgen evidence of fluid alone is accepted without the benefit of a diagnostic thoracentesis. In 1937, Hopkins1 collected 43 cases from the literature and reported three cases of his own. Hartzell2 in 1942, reported 40 selected cases from the literature and three cases observed at Cleveland City Hospital during the preceding 10 years. The apparent rarity of this complication of spontaneous pneumothorax prompts me to report the following case.
FRANKLIN J. SPONTANEOUS HEMOPNEUMOTHORAX: REPORT OF A CASE OCCURRING IN A SOLDIER*. Ann Intern Med. 1945;23:437–441. doi: https://doi.org/10.7326/0003-4819-23-3-437
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Published: Ann Intern Med. 1945;23(3):437-441.
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