OTTO STEINBROCKER, M.D.; NORMAN SPITZER, M.D.; H. HAROLD FRIEDMAN, M.D.
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A variety of seemingly unrelated clinical disorders, usually considered distinct entities, have been described in the surgical and medical literature for many years. These conditions include causalgia,1, 2, 3 Sudeck's atrophy (post-traumatic osteoporosis),4-12 painful disability of the shoulder following coronary occlusion,13-19 post-infarctional sclerodactylia,20 palmar and digital contractures as well as Dupuytren's contracture,21-26 the swollen atrophic hand associated with cervical osteoarthritis,37 certain changes in the paretic limbs of hemiplegics,27-32 and a number of others. In this group belongs the idiopathic shoulder-hand syndrome.33 It is becoming increasingly apparent that, although the etiology of these various syndromes may be different, many of their
STEINBROCKER O, SPITZER N, FRIEDMAN HH. THE SHOULDER-HAND SYNDROME IN REFLEX DYSTROPHY OF THE UPPER EXTREMITY1. Ann Intern Med. ;29:22–52. doi: 10.7326/0003-4819-29-1-22
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Published: Ann Intern Med. 1948;29(1):22-52.
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Print ISSN: 0003-4819 | Online ISSN: 1539-3704
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