ARTHUR BERNSTEIN, M.D., F.A.C.P.; FRED Z. WHITE, M.D.
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The diagnosis of pleural effusion on physical examination has been based on the classic findings of absent tactile fremitus, dullness or flatness to percussion, and absent breath sounds. That the presence of increased breath sounds to the point of bronchial breathing and increased voice sounds can be associated with pleural effusions is not well known.
In an institution such as ours, with an active teaching program for four large medical schools, and interns and residents from many centers, it has been surprising to note the frequent lack of knowledge that pleural effusions can have protean findings. The fact that atypical
BERNSTEIN A, WHITE FZ. UNUSUAL PHYSICAL FINDINGS IN PLEURAL EFFUSION: INTRATHORACIC MANOMETRIC STUDIES*. Ann Intern Med. 1952;37:733–738. doi: https://doi.org/10.7326/0003-4819-37-4-733
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Published: Ann Intern Med. 1952;37(4):733-738.
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