THOMAS H. LORENZ, M.D.; MARC J. MUSSER, M.D., F.A.C.P.
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The common complaint of pain and stiffness in the shoulder or adjacent bodily structures often presents a complex diagnostic and therapeutic problem. In the introduction to a symposium devoted to this subject, Young made the following comment: "In order to make an accurate diagnosis of the various lesions that may cause pain in the arm and shoulder, he (the physician) should have some knowledge of orthopedics, neurology, cardiology, and of diseases of the abdomen, thorax and blood vessels."23 This would imply that with such specialized knowledge the basis for the symptom of painful shoulder can be readily established. Unfortunately,
LORENZ TH, MUSSER MJ. LIFE STRESS, EMOTIONS AND PAINFUL STIFF SHOULDER1. Ann Intern Med. ;37:1232–1244. doi: 10.7326/0003-4819-37-6-1232
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Published: Ann Intern Med. 1952;37(6):1232-1244.
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