KARL F. HOFFMANN, M.D.; ALEXANDER J. CHILKO, M.D., F.A.C.P.
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The first recorded description of the rare anomaly variously named "parasternal," "substernal," "anterior" or subcostosternal (Harrington) diaphragmatic hernia is found in J. B. Morgagni's book, "Seats and Causes of Diseases" (1761):
"There certainly are places in the diaphragm through which, upon drawing asunder of the fleshy fibres, and upon the giving way of the membranes, the stomach, or some part of the intestinal tube, or any other viscus, may pass over from the belly into the thorax. . . .
"Thus, also, anteriorly, betwixt the fibres that come from the xiphoid cartilage and the neighboring fibres, there generally is an
HOFFMANN KF, CHILKO AJ. SUBCOSTOSTERNAL DIAPHRAGMATIC HERNIA*. Ann Intern Med. 1954;41:616–629. doi: https://doi.org/10.7326/0003-4819-41-3-616
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Published: Ann Intern Med. 1954;41(3):616-629.
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