A. A. LUISADA, M.D., F.A.C.P.; O. M. HARING, M.D.; C. ARAVANIS, M.D.; L. CARDI, M.D.; E. JONA, M.D.; A. B. ZILLI, M.D.
A century ago, auscultation of the heart led to recognition of adventitious sounds and murmurs which were explained as the result of heart disease. Medical opinion has differed widely since then, and three different thoughts have been entertained: (1) a murmur is always significant of abnormal conditions of the cardiovascular system; (2) no importance should be attached to murmurs; or (3) a murmur may or may not be significant, depending upon the area of audibility, loudness, duration, pitch, timbre and radiation.
Controversies have been even more numerous in regard to children, who seem to present murmurs much more frequently than
LUISADA AA, HARING OM, ARAVANIS C, CARDI L, JONA E, ZILLI AB. MURMURS IN CHILDREN: A CLINICAL AND GRAPHIC STUDY IN 500 CHILDREN OF SCHOOL AGE1. Ann Intern Med. ;48:597–615. doi: 10.7326/0003-4819-48-3-597
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Published: Ann Intern Med. 1958;48(3):597-615.
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