WILLIAM A. WINSLOW, M.D.; LESTER N. PLOSS, M.D.; BERNARD LOITMAN, M.D.
Although pleuritis and pleural effusion have long been considered as cardinal signs in the clinical picture of systemic lupus erythematosus (S. L. E.3), these have usually been regarded as late manifestations of the disease. The feeling also prevails that unexplained pleuritis is to be regarded as tuberculous or neoplastic unless proved otherwise. However, now that the early diagnosis of S. L. E. has been facilitated by the "L. E. cell preparation," it seems well to reëvaluate pleuritis as an early sign in S. L. E. Moreover, the striking improvement in prognosis with steroid treatment makes an early diagnosis much
WINSLOW WA, PLOSS LN, LOITMAN B. PLEURITIS IN SYSTEMIC LUPUS ERYTHEMATOSUS: ITS IMPORTANCE AS AN EARLY MANIFESTATION IN DIAGNOSIS1. Ann Intern Med. 1958;49:70–88. doi: 10.7326/0003-4819-49-1-70
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Published: Ann Intern Med. 1958;49(1):70-88.
Infectious Disease, Lupus Erythematosus, Pulmonary/Critical Care, Rheumatology.
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