THOMAS B. FERGUSON, M.D.; THOMAS H. BURFORD, M.D.
The three most common causes of a persistent unilateral pleural effusion are tuberculosis, metastatic carcinoma and heart failure, although a variety of other disease processes can give rise to fluid collections.1, 2 Determination of the etiology of such an effusion may at times be quite difficult. It is a frequent experience to find that, even after a general medical survey and complete cytologic and bacteriologic studies have been done, there still remain a number of cases in which a specific diagnosis is lacking. If the patient is a young adult and the fluid serous in nature, an empiric diagnosis of
FERGUSON TB, BURFORD TH. THE ROLE OF SURGERY IN THE MANAGEMENT OF UNILATERAL PLEURAL EFFUSION1. Ann Intern Med. 1959;50:981–998. doi: 10.7326/0003-4819-50-4-981
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Published: Ann Intern Med. 1959;50(4):981-998.
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