MICHAEL E. DE BAKEY, M.D.; E. STANLEY CRAWFORD, M.D.; WILLIAM S. FIELDS, M.D.
It is now well established that cerebral arterial insufficiency may often be caused by occlusive lesions located in the extracranial segments of the arteries supplying the brain.1-3, 9-12, 14 Although its incidence has not been accurately established, more extensive application of arteriographic technics in the study of these patients indicates that such lesions may be present extracranially in the neck or chest in over one third of the cases. The occlusion in these patients occurs in certain characteristic locations, namely, the internal carotid artery near its origin from the common carotid artery, the innominate, left common carotid, and left subclavian
DE BAKEY ME, CRAWFORD ES, FIELDS WS. SURGICAL TREATMENT OF LESIONS PRODUCING ARTERIAL INSUFFICIENCY OF THE INTERNAL CAROTID, COMMON CAROTID, VERTEBRAL, INNOMINATE AND SUBCLAVIAN ARTERIES12. Ann Intern Med. 1959;51:436–448. doi: 10.7326/0003-4819-51-3-436
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Published: Ann Intern Med. 1959;51(3):436-448.
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