DAVID L. CROWELL, M.D., F.A.C.P.
In the human body the shoulder joint represents the area endowed with the greatest range of motion. Structures which arise in the thorax or neck and pass into the arm, or vice versa, must be mobile and flexible enough to compensate for this range of motion or be themselves subject to strain or injury. A particular example of this type of indirect trauma is the subject of this paper, namely, effort thrombosis of the axillary and/or the subclavian vein.
In a review of the literature of the 50 years prior to 1940, Veal1 found reports of only 150 cases of
CROWELL DL. EFFORT THROMBOSIS OF THE SUBCLAVIAN AND AXILLARY VEINS: REVIEW OF THE LITERATURE AND CASE REPORT WITH TWO-YEAR FOLLOW-UP WITH VENOGRAPHY1. Ann Intern Med. 1960;52:1337–1343. doi: 10.7326/0003-4819-52-6-1337
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Published: Ann Intern Med. 1960;52(6):1337-1343.
Cardiology, Hospital Medicine.
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