FRANK D. GRAY JR., M.D., F.A.C.P.; ALBERT S. FIELD JR., M.D.
Hyperplasia of the smooth muscle in the lung has been known to occur under pathologic conditions since 1872. Orth16 cites Rindfleisch, and von Stössel22 refers to Buhl,6 who used the term "muscular cirrhosis of the lung" for the condition. Arnold,1 however, had noted muscular hyperplasia of the pleura in 1867, and referred to a thesis by Leo-Wolf13 published in 1832. Rubenstein et al.,19 in reporting two cases, suggested "muscular hyperplasia" as the term which describes the pathology most adequately.
Proliferation of smooth muscle has been described in "honeycomb" lungs,12 in the walls of congenital cysts,2 cystic transformation of the lung,17
GRAY FD, FIELD AS. MUSCULAR HYPERPLASIA OF THE LUNG: A PHYSIOPATHOLOGIC ANALYSIS1. Ann Intern Med. 1960;53:683–696. doi: 10.7326/0003-4819-53-4-683
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Published: Ann Intern Med. 1960;53(4):683-696.
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