DAVID H. BLANKENHORN, M.D.
Carotenoids are lipids which are usually colored either red or yellow. In figure 1, the distinguishing characteristics of the carotenoid molecule are illustrated by the specific carotenoid lycopene. Common to all carotenoids is a long central carbon chain which contains a sequence of periodic double bonds and methyl side groups. In certain carotenoids, the ends of this chain are closed rings. Other carotenoids have a hydroxyl group attached to the terminal ring, and may occur in nature either as the free carotenoid alcohol or as the ester of a fatty acid. Carotenoids occur in human tissue as a result of
BLANKENHORN DH. THE INFILTRATION OF CAROTENOIDS INTO HUMAN ATHEROMAS AND XANTHOMAS1. Ann Intern Med. 1960;53:944–954. doi: 10.7326/0003-4819-53-5-944
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Published: Ann Intern Med. 1960;53(5):944-954.
Cardiology, Coronary Risk Factors, Diabetes, Endocrine and Metabolism.
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