A. AZCUY, M.D.; A. E. ANDERSON JR., M.D.; ALVAN G. FORAKER, M.D.
It is generally conceded that there is extreme difficulty in distinguishing between the transformations associated with normal aging and old age complicated by morbid processes. Indeed, as Metchnikoff wrote in 1903 (1), ". . . there is at present, from the conditions of inharmonious environment, no chance of a really physiological old age and death for mankind." This is particularly true for the lungs, which by virtue of their relationship in the vascular circuit and to the external environment, are more or less constantly subjected to the impact of minute insults. Bickerman (2) regarded it as doubtful that the pathologist
AZCUY A, ANDERSON AE, FORAKER AG. The Morphological Spectrum of Aging and Emphysematous Lungs. Ann Intern Med. 1962;57:1–17. doi: 10.7326/0003-4819-57-1-1
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Published: Ann Intern Med. 1962;57(1):1-17.
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