EDWARD J. STEMMLER, M.D.
Closed chest cardiac massage has become a standard technique for treatment of cardiac arrest* since its introduction by Kouwenhoven, Jude, and Knickerbocker in 1960 (1). Several authors have noted that the survival rate is higher when cardiac arrest occurs in an operating room or catheterization laboratory than when it occurs elsewhere within a hospital (2-5). For example, Jude, Kouwenhoven, and Knickerbocker (2) noted a 64% survival rate from 31 patients resuscitated in the operating room or recovery room, whereas only 9% of 87 patients survived cardiac resuscitation outside of these areas.
Since the chief attribute of external cardiac massage is
STEMMLER EJ. Cardiac Resuscitation: A 1-year Study of Patients Resuscitated Within a University Hospital. Ann Intern Med. 1965;63:613–618. doi: https://doi.org/10.7326/0003-4819-63-4-613
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Published: Ann Intern Med. 1965;63(4):613-618.
Emergency Medicine, Hospital Medicine.
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