NORMAN G. G. HEPPER, M.D., F.A.C.P.; TEODORO HERSKOVIC, M.D.; DAVID M. WITTEN, M.D.; DONALD W. MULDER, M.D.; LEWIS B. WOOLNER, M.D.
Although not the first to describe such cases (1-3), Pancoast (4, 5) drew lasting attention to the clinical syndrome often associated with tumors located at the extreme apex of the lung or the thoracic inlet in two papers in which he described seven cases. This syndrome, which has since come to be known as Pancoast's syndrome, was originally described as consisting of pain around the shoulder and down the arm, Horner's syndrome, atrophy of muscles of the hand, and roentgenographic evidence of a small shadow at the extreme apex of the lung and always more or less local rib destruction
HEPPER NGG, HERSKOVIC T, WITTEN DM, et al. Thoracic Inlet Tumors. Ann Intern Med. 1966;64:979–989. doi: https://doi.org/10.7326/0003-4819-64-5-979
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Published: Ann Intern Med. 1966;64(5):979-989.
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