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At present, cases of yellow fever are reported from only Africa and South America. Two forms of yellow fever—urban and jungle—are distinguishable epidemiologically. Clinically and etiologically, they are identical.
Urban yellow fever is an epidemic viral disease of man transmitted from infected to susceptible persons by a vector, the Aedes aegypti mosquito. With the elimination of A. aegypti urban yellow fever has disappeared from previously epidemic foci.
Jungle yellow fever is an enzootic viral disease transmitted among nonhuman hosts by a variety of mosquito vectors. It is currently observed only in the jungles of South America and Africa but in
Yellow Fever Vaccine: Recommendation of the U.S. Public Health Service Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices. Ann Intern Med. ;71:365–367. doi: 10.7326/0003-4819-71-2-365
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Published: Ann Intern Med. 1969;71(2):365-367.
Infectious Disease, Prevention/Screening, Vaccines/Immunization.
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Print ISSN: 0003-4819 | Online ISSN: 1539-3704
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