R. Turner, M.D.; W. Lipshutz, M.D.; A. Tuck, M.D.; W. Miller, M.D.; R. Schumacher, M.D.; S. Cohen, M.D.
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This is the first prospective study comparing the diagnostic accuracy of cineradiography and infused intraluminal manometry in approximately equal numbers of patients with scleroderma, polymyositis, systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), and rheumatoid arthritis. Major criteria for inclusion of patients were as follows: scleroderma, characteristic generalized skin and visceral lesions; polymyositis, proximal muscle weakness and characteristic biopsy, rash, or electromyogram; SLE, positive antinuclear factor with several of the following—polyarthritis, butterfly rash, unexplained nephritis, or polyserositis; and rheumatoid arthritis, classical disease as diagnosed by American Rheumatism Association criteria. No patients had dysphagia at the time of evaluation. After classification, esophageal manometry and cineradiography
Turner R, Lipshutz W, Tuck A, et al. Esophageal Function in Collagen Disease.. Ann Intern Med. 1971;74:835. doi: https://doi.org/10.7326/0003-4819-74-5-835_3
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Published: Ann Intern Med. 1971;74(5):835.
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