MALCOLM A. GALEN, M.D.; STEVEN M. STEINBERG; EDMUND G. LOWRIE, M.D.; J. MICHAEL LAZARUS, M.D., F.A.C.P.; C. L. HAMPERS, M.D.; JOHN P. MERRILL, M.D., F.A.C.P.
Three patients maintained on chronic hemodialysis developed hemorrhagic pleural effusion. The effusions seemed to be solely related to the uremic state, other causes having been excluded. Pulmonary restriction requiring decortication occurred in one patient. We concluded that hemorrhagic pleural effusion may be a complication of uremia in the chronically dialyzed patient and that fibrous pleuritis causing pulmonary restriction may result.
GALEN MA, STEINBERG SM, LOWRIE EG, LAZARUS JM, HAMPERS CL, MERRILL JP. Hemorrhagic Pleural Effusion in Patients Undergoing Chronic Hemodialysis. Ann Intern Med. ;82:359–361. doi: 10.7326/0003-4819-82-3-359
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Published: Ann Intern Med. 1975;82(3):359-361.
Nephrology, Pulmonary/Critical Care, Renal Replacement Therapy.
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