MARK M. APPLEFELD, M.D.; JEFFREY F. COLE, M.D.; STEPHEN H. POLLOCK, M.D.; FREDERICK J. SUTTON, M.D.; ROBERT G. SLAWSON, M.D.; ROBERT T. SINGLETON, M.D.; PETER H. WIERNIK, M.D.
Radiation-induced chronic pericardial disease was recognized in nine patients 53 to 124 months (mean, 88 months) after radiotherapy for Hodgkin's disease. Depending on whether abnormal cardiac hemodynamics occurred before or after a fluid challenge, patients were considered to have either constrictive pericarditis (Group I) or occult constrictive pericarditis (Group II). There were no differences between these groups in various radiotherapy data, the use of chemotherapy, or the interval after treatment when the diagnosis of chronic pericardial disease was made. There were no consistent noninvasive variables to support the diagnosis of radiation-induced chronic pericardial disease before cardiac catheterization. Four patients underwent pericardiectomy. Two of the four operated patients had an excellent surgical result; a third patient died 4 months postoperatively of drug-induced granulocytopenia; the fourth patient has persistent visceral constrictive pericarditis 18 months after surgery. Speculation over the causes of radiation-induced chronic pericardial disease is made and our recommendations for its treatment given.
APPLEFELD MM, COLE JF, POLLOCK SH, et al. The Late Appearance of Chronic Pericardial Disease in Patients Treated by Radiotherapy for Hodgkin's Disease. Ann Intern Med. 1981;94:338–341. doi: 10.7326/0003-4819-94-3-338
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Published: Ann Intern Med. 1981;94(3):338-341.
Cardiology, Hematology/Oncology, Leukemia/Lymphoma, Pericardial Disease.
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Print ISSN: 0003-4819 | Online ISSN: 1539-3704
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