JOSEPH C. SHIPP, M.D.
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The average life expectancy in China before 1949 was 32 years. A Chinese system of medical education did not exist, and the 22 medical colleges, concentrated in the larger cities and operated by the state, private enterprise, foreign organizations, and missionaries, were in a state of confusion. Curricula differed according to the sponsoring agency; foreign organizations followed an educational sequence like that in their native country. Medical school education lasted 4 to 8 years.
During the 20 years before 1949 there was a total of 9499 medical graduates, an average of less than 500 a year. Graduates practiced in the
SHIPP JC. To Serve the People: Medical Education and Care in the People's Republic of China. Ann Intern Med. 1982;97:277–279. doi: 10.7326/0003-4819-97-2-277
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Published: Ann Intern Med. 1982;97(2):277-279.
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