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Physicians now have many approaches to use in reaching a diagnosis for the patient with possible gastrointestinal disease: history, laboratory tests, endoscopy, and various radiologic imaging techniques. In his book, Kasugai makes his position clear on the first page: "The indications for gastrointestinal endoscopy include, in principle, all gastrointestinal diseases . . . cases in which insertion of the fiberscope is impossible are excluded." The editor selected cases in which an endoscopic photograph corroborates a roentgenogram. The format usually includes a 1-line history (such as epigastric fullness) and histopathologic confirmation. The common and the exotic are included with little indication
Endoscopic Diagnosis in Gastroenterology.. Ann Intern Med. 1983;98:435. doi: https://doi.org/10.7326/0003-4819-98-3-435_2
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Published: Ann Intern Med. 1983;98(3):435.
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