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Regional or local rheumatic disorders cause symptoms in a definable anatomic area, such as the shoulder, lower back, or hip. These disorders are often classified as "soft tissue rheumatism," implying exclusion of bone and joint disease and inclusion of bursal, tendinous, and muscular pathologic characteristics. These regional disorders are commonly seen, especially by primary care physicians, orthopedists, physiatrists, and rheumatologists; but, in general, their pathophysiology and therapy have not been subjected to intensive scientific investigation. Several books and monographs have considered these disorders, either in whole or by specific region.
Hadler's book considers regional joint diseases as well as the
Medical Management of the Regional Musculoskeletal Diseases: Backache, Neck Pain, Disorders of the Upper and Lower Extremities.. Ann Intern Med. 1985;103:315. doi: https://doi.org/10.7326/0003-4819-103-2-315_1
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Published: Ann Intern Med. 1985;103(2):315.
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