This content is PDF only. Please click on the PDF icon to access.
With over 80 000 patients currently undergoing dialysis in the United States, it is clear that chronic renal failure is a major cause of morbidity and mortality. In addition, over $3 billion annually are being spent by Medicare alone to help support these patients. Surely a better understanding of the pathogenesis of chronic renal disease and the inevitability of its progression is sorely needed.
Once chronic renal failure has progressed to end-stage, the role of the clinician changes to one of optimizing the quality of life for the patient. This role requires a clear appreciation of the complications of chronic
Chronic Renal Disease: Causes, Complications, and Treatment.. Ann Intern Med. 1986;104:899–900. doi: https://doi.org/10.7326/0003-4819-104-6-899_2
Download citation file:
Published: Ann Intern Med. 1986;104(6):899-900.
Copyright © 2020 American College of Physicians. All Rights Reserved.
Print ISSN: 0003-4819 | Online ISSN: 1539-3704
Conditions of Use